Reconstructive jaw surgery (orthognathic
surgery) may be required when there is disproportionate growth in the midface
or lower jaw, temporo-mandibular joint problems related to jaw position,
or for post trauma or tumor surgery related problems. In many reconstructive
surgery cases, a functional dental occlusion can be obtained only with a
combination of orthodontic treatment and reconstructive jaw surgery. Additionally,
reconstructive jaw surgery may be indicated in the treatment of obstructive
sleep apnea patients.
Orthodontic treatment is always a component of
reconstructive jaw surgery. Typically, the orthodontist will level and align
the upper and lower teeth independent of each other, which requires several
months. Then surgery is completed and when healing has occurred, the orthodontist
will complete the orthodontic detailing and assure the stability of the
dental occlusion before removing the orthodontic appliances. Adults who
are in good medical health are candidates for reconstructive jaw surgery
as are adolescents who are nearing the completion of skeletal growth. Reconstructive
jaw surgery is often, but not always, reimbursed by medical insurance carriers.
Should medical insurance not be available to you for these procedures, they
can still be carried out in a very safe and cost effective manner.
Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons offers a abundant mre
information on corrective jaw surgery.